Jumat, 15 Juni 2012

pengertian Restrictive and Non-restrictive Appositives

Restrictive and Non-restrictive Appositives The examples above contain both appositives set off by commas from the rest of the sentence and appositives without commas. In order to decide whether an appositive requires commas, you should first decide whether it is information necessary to understanding the meaning of the sentence or whether it is merely useful information. If it is necessary information, the appositive requires no commas. If it is useful, but not necessary, set it off with commas. Consider the following sentences: 1. Her son, James, is bald. (non-restrictive) 2. Her son James is bald. (restrictive) 3. John the blacksmith chews gum. (restrictive) 4. John, the blacksmith, chews gum. (non-restrictive)

Senin, 11 Juni 2012

exercise 38

Exercise 38 page 139 1. George is the man chosen to represent the committee at the convention. 2. All of the money accepted has already been realesed. 3. The papers on the table belong to Patricia. 4. The man brought to the police station confessed to the crime. 5. The girl drinking coffee is Mary Allen. 6. John’s wife, a professor, has written several papers on this subject. 7. The man talking to the policeman is my uncle. 8. The book on the top shelf is the one that I need. 9. The number of students been counted is quite high. 10. Leo Evans, a doctor, eats in this restaurant every day.

tugas exercise 37

Exercise 37 page 138 1. The last record that was produced by this company became a gold record. 2. Checking accounts who require a minimum balance are very common now. 3. The proffessor to whom you spoke yesterday is not here today. 4. John, whose grades are the highest in the school, has received a scholarship. 5. Felipe bought a camera that has three lenses. 6. Frank is the man whom we are going to nominate for the office of treasurer. 7. The doctor is with a patient whose leg was broken in an accident. 8. Jane is the woman who is going to China next year. 9. Janet wants a typewriter who self-corrects. 10. This book that I found last week contains some useful information. 11. Mr. Bryant, whose team has lost the game, looks very sad. 12. James wrote an article that indicated that he disliked the president. 13. The director of the program who graduated from Havard University is planning to retire next year. 14. This is the book that I have been looking for all the year. 15. William, whose brother is a lawyer, wants to become a judge.

Selasa, 01 Mei 2012

tugas exercise 36

jawaban exercise 36 1. leave 2. repaired 3. typed 4. call 5. painted 6. wrote 7. lie 8. sent 9. to cut 10. sign 11. leave 12. washed 13. fixed 14. published 15. find

pengertian dan contoh passive voice

Kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Active voice lebih sering digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. Namun demikian, sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya. Contoh : * Active : We fertilize the soil every 6 months * Passive: The soil is fertilized by us every 6 months Berdasarkan keenam poin di atas maka passive voice mengikuti pola sebagai berikut: Subject + be + Verb3 + by + Object + modifier Pola active dan passive voice pada tiap tensis a. Jika active voice dalam simple present tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah is, am atau are. Contoh: * Active : He meets them everyday. * Passive : They are met by him everyday. * Active : She waters this plant every two days. * Passive : This plant is watered by her every two days. b. Jika active voice dalam simple past tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah was atau were Contoh: * Active : He met them yesterday * Passive : They were met by him yesterday * Active : She watered this plant this morning * Passive : This plant was watered by her this morning c. Jika active voice dalam present perfect tense, maka ‘be’ passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah auxiliary has atau have, sehingga menjadi ‘has been’ atau ‘have been’ Contoh: * Active : He has met them * Passive : They have been met by him * Active : She has watered this plant for 5 minutes. * Passive : This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes.

Selasa, 10 April 2012

tulisan Enough with adjective, Adverbs and nouns

Adverbs of Degree (Kata keterangan tingkat) - enough/too/very

Kata keterangan tingkat menunjukkan seberapa banyak atau sejauh mana sesuatu terjadi. Contoh:

* Mike is a very good student.
* I’m quite excited about my interview tomorrow.

Ada banyak jenis kata keterangan tingkat. Beberapa yang paling umum diantaranya:

almost, completely, enough, extremely, hardly, just, nearly, pretty, quite, too, scarcely, so, such, very.

Kata keterangan tingkat (adverb of degree) biasanya ditempatkan sebelum kata sifat (adjective), kata keterangan (adverb), atau kata benda yang akan ditunjukkan tingkatnya. Contoh:

* That test was extremely difficult.
* You did pretty well in that test.
* I almost got an ‘A’ in our test.


Enough berarti jumlah atau tingkat yang memuaskan. Contoh:

* I’m so busy, I haven’t got enough time.
* Do you have enough potatoes?

Enough ditempatkan setelah adjective dan adverb:

* This jacket isn’t big enough for me.
* She speaks English well enough to go to an American university.

Enough biasanya ditempatkan sebelum kata benda:

* We have enough money to buy our own apartment.

Kita sering menggunakan enough…for, khususnya untuk orang dan hal. Contoh:

* This job isn’t good enough for her.
* We have enough time for a quick lunch.

Enough…to infinitif juga merupakan struktur yang umum. Contoh:

* She’s old enough to drive a car.
* We have enough time to eat some lunch.


Too berarti lebih dari cukup, jumlah atau tingkat yang berlebihan. Contoh:

* This room is too hot.
* He eats too quickly.

Too juga digunakan bersama for: Contoh:

* This book is too simple for me
* Our apartment is too small for us.

Too…to infinitif juga merupakan struktur yang umum. Contoh:

* This book is too easy to study.
* Our apartment is too small to live in.

Too dan very

Very berarti sesuatu dilakukan sampai tingkat yang tinggi, biasanya faktual. Contoh:

* He finishes his work very quickly.

Too berarti sesuatu dilakukan sampai tingkat yang berlebihan, sering dijadikan sebagai kritik.

* He finishes his work too quickly.

Very merupakan sebuah kata yang umum, jadi jika anda ingin menggunakan kata-kata yang berbeda untuk meningkatkan kosa-kata anda kata-kata berikut dapat digunakan menggantikan very.

absolutely, acutely, amply, astonishingly, awfully, certainly, considerably, cruel, dearly, decidedly, deeply, eminently, emphatically, exaggeratedly, exceedingly, excessively, extensively, extraordinarily, extremely, greatly, highly, incredibly, indispensably, largely, notably, noticeably, particularly, positively, powerfully, pressingly, pretty, prodigiously, profoundly, really, remarkably, substantially, superlatively, surpassingly, surprisingly, terribly, truly, uncommonly, unusually, vastly, wonderfully.

tugas exercise ke dua

jawaban exercise 32 : Enough

1. people enough
2. french enough
3. enough time
4. fast enough
5. soon enough
6. enough early
7. hard enough
8. slowly enough
9. enough hard
10. books enough

jawaban exercise 33 : Because / Because of

1. because of
2. because of
3. because of
4. because
5. because
6. because
7. because of
8. because of
9. because of
10. because of

jawaban exercise 34 :So / Such
1. so
2. such
3. such
4. so
5. so
6. so
7. such
8. so
9. so
10. such
11. so
12. so
13. such
14. so
15. so